Why does 'allowed-ips' affect route selection behavior?

Patrick O'Sullivan irish at insaneirish.com
Mon Apr 16 03:06:52 CEST 2018

Hi Jason,

First off--thanks for your work on WireGuard and just wanted to
mention that your appearance on FLOSS Weekly put my over the edge to
try out WireGuard.

> You might want to loosen these up a bit. Anyway, I've pulled it out of the archives for quoting here:

You are probably right. My over-aggression came from an increasing
amount of spam that was spoofing from addresses in my domain.

> Are you using wg-quick(8)?...

Indeed. Mikma's reply pointed me in this direction for investigation.
I had perused the wg man page, but not wg-quick's. I ended up doing
exactly what you said (Table=off) and it did the trick.

I suppose I was a victim of WireGuard's simplicity. I got it up and
running so quickly that I didn't bother to dig into the individual
components more than necessary at first. I ultimately may end up
foregoing wg-quick, but either way I now understand the mechanics to
accomplish what I want.

On Sun, Apr 15, 2018 at 6:26 PM, Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason at zx2c4.com> wrote:
> Hi Patrick,
> I see some others on the wireguard mailing list have replied to a
> ghost email. That is, I don't have the original that they're replying
> to. Looking into it a bit further, it appears that reasonable spam
> filters -- which includes but is not limited to gmail's -- will have
> your mail immediately bounced, because of your strict dmarc entry
> ("v=DMARC1; p=reject; rua=mailto:dmarc at insaneirish.com"), since
> mailing list servers like lists.zx2c4.com tend to "remail" things. You
> might want to loosen these up a bit. Anyway, I've pulled it out of the
> archives for quoting here:
>> Hi Folks,
>> Getting my feet wet with wireguard and enjoying the simplicity and
>> performance thus far. Nonetheless, I have a question about how the
>> normal route selection process is being affected by what's configured
>> for 'allowed-ips'.
>> I set up a peer and configured 'allowed-ips' for, as I was
>> going to be sending multiple routes over the peer link via BGP and
>> didn't want to keep modifying it. However, even though my default
>> route was over a different interface, this seemed to result in Linux
>> trying to route default traffic over wg0 despite there not being a
>> default route pointing to wg0.
>> Specifically:
>> $ sudo ip route show
>> default via dev wlan0
>> dev wg0 proto kernel scope link src
>> dev wlan0 proto kernel scope link src
>> By this route table, traffic to e.g. should use
>> Packet captures were showing traffic trying to instead use wg0. Then I
>> found this:
>> $ sudo ip route get
>> dev wg0 table 51820 src
>>     cache
>> Can someone please explain this behavior?
>> Obligatory... $ uname -rvm
>> 4.14.30-v7+ #1102 SMP Mon Mar 26 16:45:49 BST 2018 armv7l
>> And... $ dpkg -l | grep wireguard
>> ii  wireguard                       0.0.20180413-1               all
>>        fast, modern, secure kernel VPN tunnel (metapackage)
>> ii  wireguard-dkms                  0.0.20180413-1               all
>>        fast, modern, secure kernel VPN tunnel (DKMS version)
>> ii  wireguard-tools                 0.0.20180413-1               armhf
>>        fast, modern, secure kernel VPN tunnel (userland utilities)
> Are you using wg-quick(8)? If so, wg-quick will by default do special
> things to sync up the allowed ips and the system routing table, which
> includes some special case rule tricks for It sounds like
> you know what you're doing and don't actually want this behavior. For
> this, you can simply specify Table=off in the [Interface] section.
> This overrides the default value of Table=auto. Alternatively, you can
> choose Table=main if you want those routes added to the default table
> with no special rule tricks. Or, you can choose an arbitrary
> named-table or number if you'd like to add the allowed ips to some
> other routing table. The man page has info.
> Jason

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