Truncated output when writing to a pipe using sendfile

Filips R frfilips at
Sat May 7 12:49:23 UTC 2022


I've been investigating an issue on my Alpine linux server running
cgit 1.2.3-r2.
When I call the CGI program and redirect to a regular file (or just
output to tty), the output is correct, however if the standard output
is a pipe, the output is truncated at 65523 bytes.

Here is the end of the diff between strace outputs:

 open("/var/cache/cgit/a1000000", O_RDONLY|O_LARGEFILE) = 3
 fstat(3, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0600, st_size=157003, ...}) = 0
 read(3, "st/tree/st.c\0Content-Type: text/"..., 4096) = 4096
-sendfile(1, 3, [13] => [157003], 156990) = 156990
+sendfile(1, 3, [13] => [65536], 156990) = 65523
 close(3)                                = 0
 exit_group(0)                           = ?
 +++ exited with 0 +++

I have managed to work around the issue by wrapping cgit and
redirecting to a temporary file.

Looks like the sendfile call comes from cache.c:95 -

senfile(2) says that a successful call may write fewer bytes than
requested; the caller should be prepared to retry the call if there
were unsent bytes

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